Selasa, 25 September 2012

Comunity Blogger Of South Borneo

Community Blogger Of South Borneo or  Komunitas Blogger Kalimantan Selatan adalah salah satu komunitas bagi para penulis blog yang ada di provinsi Kalimantan Selatan. Komunitas ini merupakan salah satu komunitas blogger terbesar di kalimantan selatan dengan ratusan jumlah member yang telah bergabung dari ribuan blogger yang ada.

Comunity Blogger of  Sout Borneo yang saya ikuti bernama Blogger Banua, komunitas lain yang juga menghimpun para blogger kalimantan selatan bernama Kayuh Baimbai. Baik Blogger Banua maupun Kayuh Baimbai sama-sama memiliki blogger-blogger yang hebat. Untuk Blogger Banua sendiri meski usia pembentukannya terbilang muda namun semangat admin dan pengurusnya yang juga rata-rata relatif muda kecuali om ebo wkwkw, telah banyak memberikan nuansa segar bagi dunia perbloggeran khususnya Kalimantan Selatan. Salah satunya tentu saja melalui event yang kemaren baru di gelar yaitu Blogilicious Banjarmasin.

Komunitas Blogger Banua telah memberikan spirit bagi anak-anak muda khususnya yang suka nge blog untuk lebih kreatif dan inovatif tentunya dalam mengelola dan memanajemen blog.
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Kamis, 24 November 2011

Oracai Dengan 4 Super Fruits

Oracai adalah salah satu di antara sekian banyak produk unggulan FurChange. Di buat dari campuran buah-buahan super diantaranya Acai Beri, Goji, Camu-Camu, dan Elderberry yang tidak hanya kaya rasa tetapi juga meningkatkan fungsi organ-organ tubuh. 


Oracai FurChange dengan 4 super fruits yang terkandung di dalamnya sangat bermanfaat untuk kesehatan antara lain membantu melawan radikal bebas karena memiliki kandungan anti oksidan sangat tinggi, melawan kanker, menyehatkan jantung, dan menambah suplai oksigen ke otak sehingga otak tidak cepat lelah.

Jika dibandingkan khasiatnya, Oracai terbilang cukup murah. Apalagi jika anda sudah Bergabung di furchange. Selain mendapat harga distributor anda juga mendapat keuntungan retail profit (jual kembali) sebesar 30% dan masih banyak keuntungan lainnya misalnya potensi income hingga 240 juta lebih perminggunya.
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Jumat, 29 Januari 2010

Anggrek Thailand

Seperti halnya di Indonesia, hutan Thailand juga menyimpan kekayaan anggrek Hutan yang beraneka ragam. Permasalahan yang sama yang di hadapi bangsa Indonesia yaitu ancaman hilangnya spesies-spesies anggrek hutan karena faktor alami maupun kelalaian manusia. Sudah sepatutnya masyarakat untuk lebih peduli dan lebih reaktif terhadap keadaan ini terutama kita pecinta dan penikmat anggrek khususnya anggrek alam.

Anggrek Simpodial dan Anggrek Monopodial

All Orchids have their own unique characteristics and charms. The mere fact that their roots live on air is enough to make us wonder how they can sustain themselves. The roots of the orchid are different from those of other plants, consisting of a special sponge-like layer of tissues called velamen that covers up the true roots inside. This special sheathing acts as a moisture collecting device while protecting the roots underneath from direct sunlight. The orchid's green leaves play the actual role of food manufacturing. Orchids are epiphytes, that is the roots' main duty is to grasp and cling to other larger structures such as trees, without in any way harming or taking away food from the host, unlike a parasitic plant. Some orchids have roots that go into the ground like most other plants, while others even find unusual places to grow such as in the crevices of rocks on the side of a cliff. Orchids are monocotyledonous plants and have two different types of growth structures. One is to grow from the vegetative apex (monopodial), an example being the Vanda Coerulea. The other is to grow out horizontally (sympodial), sending pseudobulbs up from the rhizome. The new shoots will collect and replenish the old ones with food, Orchids that grow in this fashion are, for instance, Dendrobiurn chrysotoxum, and so on. The flowers are what clearly distinguish one orchid from another. Some bear large flowers of bright hues, and some have smaller or even tiny little flowers of softer tones. They may flower singly or in small groups of two or three per stem. Others will bloom in a big cluster or a bunch with some standing up on an erect stem and yet others bending down in a flowing cluster. Some have flowers that bloom in alternating sequences and take quite a few days to wither while some bloom and wither together and do not last as long. The scent of orchids also differs, ranging from those without any smell to a soft and subtle scent through to a more full-bodied and pungent fragrance. Each orchid flower has two sets of petals consisting of three outer and three inner ones. The three inner petals will usually consist of an identical pair and a singular one with distinctive features both in shape and colour. This single petal, which most often will be brighter in colour, is called the "lip" or "labellum". The pouch-shaped lip of the Lady Slipper orchid usually looks like the toe of a shoe. The outer petals are generally smaller and do not have as vivid a colour as the inner petals. They may also have a pair with an identical look and a singular one like the inner petals, or all three of them may look the same. Inside the blooms are the stylis with the stigma, fused with the filament and anther. The poilinia--the mass of pollen--has the appearance of a tightly squeezed clump of wax. When the pollen comes in contact with the stigma, the bloom will rapidly wither and the ovary located at the base will expand into a pod, which will take from six months to one year to ripen. As maturity peaks, the full grown pod will burst open longitudinally and the mass of minuscule seeds inside will be distributed into the air. Some of these pods can contain millions of seeds. The seeds will be, air-borne until, with great luck, some land on a spot of a host tree which happens to be covered with a kind of fungi called mycorrhiza which is essential to help in finding food during the first part of the seedling's growth, until it can mature into another orchid plant. Most wild orchids bloom only once a year. Those that do so more than once are rare. The times of year that certain orchids bloom are as follows: December through January starting with the flowering of Rhyncostylis Gigantea; while Dendrobium Aggregatum, Dendrobium Chrysotoxum and Dendrobium Thyrsiflorum, the clustered orchids usually bloom in February and March. Whereas the Rhyncostylis Retusa follows in April and May right along with Aerides Odorata, Aerides Falcata and Aerides Multiflora. July and August is the time for Vanda Coerulea. Those mentioned are only some of the more prominent and better known ones. There are quite a lot more orchids which bloom at different periods of the year. Aerides Crassifolia, Ascocentrum Curvifolium, Bulbophyllum, Bulbophyllum-Dearei, Bulbophyllum-Obii, Bulbophyllum-Picturatum, Cirrhopetalum, Cirrhopetalum-Louis-Sander, Cirrhopetalum-Umbelatum, Dendrobium Cariniferum, Dendrobium Draconis, Demdrobium Harveyanumto name a few. There are quite distinct differences between wild orchids and cultivated orchids nowadays, particularly in the sizes, shapes and colours. For example, the Wild Vanda Coerulea has a paler shade, the tesselation is not as clear and as vivid, and the petals are significantly more twisted (although retaining their natural beauty) than the Vanda Coerulea sold in the market. Breeders have improved and altered those features by bringing some specimens from the wild to cultivate, then using the process of either self-pollination or cross-pollination to develop hybrids. The seeds from the pods of these new "breeds" are then brought to the laboratory for further embryo culture, cultivation and selection to obtain the features desired. Generally the features sought by these processes are brighter colours, more obvious tesselation, and less twisted petals so that a circular form is achieved. Other than self-pollinating and cross-pollinating, the orchids are sometimes pollinated from orchids of different species and families in order to obtain other special features such as, in the case of Vanda SP. for example, being able to produce flowers more than once a year. Another distinct quality of the wild orchid is its vigour and resistance to diseases and insects, plus its ability to withstand adverse environmental factors, and the fact that it can produce a great quantity of seeds at one time. In some cases, there is still a need to re-pollinate the already cultivated and hybridised orchids from wild orchids once more in order to regain some of the missing features in response to the market trends of the moment. So, it can be clearly seen that wild orchids are the source of essential factors and play an important role in the continuing development and maintenance of healthy hybrids. Thus they should always be highly regarded and preserved with utmost care. As mentioned earlier, most wild orchids flower only once a year and the form of their blooms are not those most popular on the market, so not too many people raise them except the enthusiasts of wild orchids who truly love their natural looks, who may also raise them for experimental and hybridization purposes. We don't know how many of our Thai orchids have already become extinct, both from natural causes such as many fungal diseases, insects or forest fires, and from human negligence. Not realising the dangers of extinction, villagers and dealers are cooperating in collecting wild orchids from the forests in increasing number in order to supply the annually rising international demand for Thai wild orchids. It is to be hoped that the problem of wild orchid conservation, along with the conditions and problems faced by the existing forests, will be looked into and dealt with soon, before it becomes too late. Although leaving the orchids in their own natural environment could be the best way to preserve them, a small number of orchids should perhaps be brought out from the forest for research or for conservation purposes. Our hope is that some of the charms of these Thai wild orchids may have already touched your heart and fascinated you with their forms and colours.
Nature has given us these splendid plants and hopefully their beauty will create in all of us a consciousness of and a love for nature, along with the Thai forests where they come from.

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Dendrophylax lindenii  or Ghost Orchid in Indonesia  called Anggrek Hantu

regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Liliopsida
ordo = Asparagales
familia = Orchidaceae
subfamilia = Vandoideae
tribus = Vandeae
subtribus = Angraecinae
genus = "Dendrophylax"
species = "D. lindenii"
binomial = "Dendrophylax lindenii"
binomial_authority = (Lindl.) Benth. ex Rolfe

Its epithet "lindenii" is derived from its discoverer, the Belgian plant collector Jean Jules Linden who saw this orchid for the first time in Cuba in 1844. Much later it was also discovered in the Everglades in Florida.
This orchid is an epiphyte, anchored in a network of large, tangled mass on a tree. It is found in moist, swampy forests in southwestern Florida and Cuba.
This is an endangered orchid in the wild. Cultivation outside of its native environment has proven exceptionally difficult, but not impossible. Although many fail in the attempt to raise seedlings grown in sterile culture into adult plants, some have succeeded, and it would be a worthwhile venture for experienced orchid growers to attempt cultivation of this plant obtained from a legal sourceFact|date=September 2008. This orchid is listed on the Appendix II of CITES and is fully protected by Florida state and federal protection laws and should not be removed from the wild.
This orchid is an exceptional monocot, as it consists of a greatly reduced stem and the leaves have been reduced to scales. The bulk of the plant consists only of flat, cord-like, green roots with distinctive "track marks." These roots are used for moisture absorption and their chloroplasts for photosynthesis. The outer layer, the velamen, takes care of acquiring the nutrients and the water uptake. It also protects the inner layers.
This orchid blossoms between June and August, with one to ten fragrant flowers that open one at a time. The white flower is 3–4 cm wide and 7–9 cm long and is borne on spikes arising from the root network. The lower lip produces two long, petals that twist slightly downward, resembling the back legs of a jumping frog. Its bracts are scarious - that is, thin, dry, membranous, and paperlike.
Since the roots of this orchid blend so well with the tree, the flower often seems to be floating in midair, hence its name of "Ghost Orchid".
The Ghost Orchid seems to prefer Pond Apple trees, or on occasion Pop Ash trees, being from eye-level to only a few feet above eye-level.
Pollination is done by the giant sphinx moth, the only local insect with a long enough proboscis. In this regard it may be said to be the America's answer to the Madagascar orchid "Angraecum sesquipedale", which lead Darwin to predict that a long-tongued species of moth would be found to fertilize it. Years later the moth responsible was discovered: Morgan's hawk moth "Xanthopan morgani".
The plant played a pivotal role in the non-fiction book "The Orchid Thief", and the movie based on the book, "Adaptation."

Resource : 


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The "Moth Orchid" has become increasingly popular in recent years thanks to their suitability as house plants. Recent hybrid trends have increased the colours available and floriferous-ness making them even more desirable. At present Phalaenopsis, or Phals, as they are commonly called, can be found in white, yellow, green, many shades of pink, and near red. Phalaenopsis flowers may be large on long sprays (standard) or small on short, branched sprays (multi-flora). Flowers may be strongly striped or spotted adding further interest. Some may even be fragrant. Their sprays of long lasting flowers in the spring always command attention. The genus Phalaenopsis originates in tropical Asia, the Philippines and South Pacific and can also be bred with other Asian orchid families such as Doritis and Renanthera.

Phalaenopsis enjoy pretty much the same climate as we do however they do not like temperatures much below 50 F and they prefer high humidity, at least 50%. Placing pots on a water-filled tray of pebbles and misting them occasionally will help satisfy this requirement. Phalaenopsis do not need as much light as Cattleyas or Oncidiums which may make them more desirable as house plants. Keeping plants a foot or so back from an east or west window should provide ample light. If you air condition your home during the summer your Phals may be happier spending their time outdoors under a shady tree. Make sure that there is no danger of frost before moving any orchids outdoors. Phals lack the water storage devices of Cattleyas or Oncidiums meaning that they require more water. The potting medium should be kept damp but never soggy. Keeping Phals too wet will only result in root loss. It is important to remember to water Phals early in the day and avoid letting water remain on the top of the leaves or in the crown overnight. Water left standing in the crown overnight can lead to crown-rot and the loss of the orchid. Fertilize every two weeks or two during growing season and half as much during the winter using a urea-free orchid fertilizer, Re-pot at least every 12 to 24 months. We re-pot each year for optimum growth.
Phal. amabilis
Phalaenopsis are among the most popular and rewarding orchids. They are easy to grow as house plants and put on a spectacular display when in bloom. Everybody should have a few Phalaenopsis as house plants.
Anggrek Bulan Raksasa

Resource :
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Kamis, 28 Januari 2010

Anggrek Hutan Borneo

Anggrek Hutan Borneo Spesies A

Di temukan pada ketinggian tempat skitar 200 mdpl. Pohon inang dari ciri-cirinya mungkin masuk kedalam jambu-jambuan. Bunga kecil secara keseluruhan bunga ini mirip seperti bunga tabung. ( Bromheadia sp.)

Anggrek Hutan Borneo Spesies B

Masih di Hutan Borneo dengan ketinggian tempat sekitar 200-220 mdpl. Pohon inang kemungkinan adalah Shorea sp. Sampel di temukan masih dalam keadaan belum berbunga. (Dendrobium lamellatum)

Anggrek Hutan Borneo Spesies C

Anggrek Borneo Spesies D

(Polystachya concreta)

Anggrek Hutan Borneo Spesies E

(Aerides sp)

Anggrek Hutan Borneo Spesies F

(Bulbophyllum dr section Cirhopetalum )

Spesies F

Anggrek Hutan Borneo Spesies G

(Bulbophyllum sp)

Anggrek Hutan  Borneo Spesies H

(Dendrobium dr section Rhopalanthe )

Anggrek hutan Borneo Spesies I

Kalau menurut awam saya, ini adalah salah satu anggrek yang termasuk genus Dendrobium.
(Dendrobium sp dr section rhopalanthe )

Anggrek Hutan Borneo Spesies J

Anggrek Borneo Spesies K

(Cymbidium sp.)

Anggrek Hutan Borneo Spesies L

Sampel tidak bisa di ambil karena tumbuh pada inang cukup tinggi.

Anggrek-anggrek diatas di temukan di salah satu hutan lindung di wilayah Kalimantan Selatan, dengan ketinggian antara 150-240 mdpl. Kesemuanya merupakan anggrek epifit. Atas Kebaikan Bapak Frankie Handoyo beberapa anggrek tersebut sudah bisa diperkirakan namanya.
Apakah anda juga tahu nama-nama spesies atau Genus dari Anggrek diatas ? Silahkan tulis di kolom komentar ! Terimakasih...

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Penamaan Anggrek

Tata Nama Anggrek:

Anggrek Pegunungan Meratus

Dalam dunia peranggrekan, ada suatu badan yang dinamakan INTERNATIONAL ORCHID COMMISSION, yang bertujuan untuk:

1. Memberi saran nama botani yang dipakai apabila terjadi perubahan nama akibat suatu penemuan atau perubahan taxonomi.

2. Untuk membantu pekerjaan penamaan dan klasifikasi anggrek (genus maupun speciesnya).

3.Berfungsi sebagai penasehat dalam badan yang berwewenang bagi International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, dan International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants.

4. Menyebar luaskan kedua Code itu sehingga dikenal masyarakat luas.

5. Berfungsi sebagai penasehat untuk International Registration Authority for Orchid Hybrids.Tujuannya adalah agar suatu penamaan tanaman anggrek dapat diterima dan dipergunakan di seluruh dunia. Satu nama berlaku untuk satu jenis tanaman.

Ada 2 Code atau aturan penamaan:

1. International Codes of Botanical Nomenclature atau ICBN atu lebih popular dengan Botanical Code. Ditujukan untuk nama latin dari tanaman yang berasal dari hutan, Yang dimaksud adalah species dan variasi alamnya, termasuk subspecies, varietas dan forma. Disini termasuk pula Natural Hybrids.

2. International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants. Disingkat dengan ICNCP atau Cultivated Code. Ditujukan untuk penaman tanaman hasil budidaya, termasuk disini cultivar dari species dan natural hybrid, grex dari hibrida buatan manusia. Variasi individu dari tanaman asal hutan (dan hasil pembelahan /pembiakan vegetatif) yang diambil dan dipelihara karena kualitasnya namun belum diberi perhatian oleh taxonomis dapat diberi nama cultivar.

Tanaman ini mungkin suatu saat akan ditingkatkan menjadi subspecies, forma maupun species baru.

Kerajaan : Plantae

Divisi : Magnoliophyta

Kelas : Liliopsida

Ordo : Asparagales

Famili : Orchidaceae:

Subfamili : 1. Apostasioideae

2. Cypripedioideade

3. Epidendroideae

4. Orchidoideae

5. Vanilloideae

Genera : Anggrek terdari dari sekitar 2000 Genera, dan terus bertambah dengan penemuan baru maupun koreksi dari taxonomist, terakhir di dasari oleh DNA.

Species : satu jenis individu dalam satu genus.

Ada genus yang terdiri dari satu species saja, ada pula yang sampai 2000 lebih.

Subspecies : satu jenis yang mempunyai sedikit ciri berbeda dalam satu species.

Dimungkinkan untuk menjadi species tersendiri apabila alasan pendukungnya cukup kuat.

Forma : satu individu dalam satu species yang mempunyai ciri beda dibandingkan saudaranya dalam satu species.

Varietas : suatu penyimpangan bentuk dari satu species, yang cukup banyak dijumpai dalam satu species

Grex : nama yang diberikan pada tanaman hasil budidaya.

Contoh penamaan Species.

Dendrobium discolor

Dendrobium discolor var. broomfieldii

Dendrobium discolor var. broomfieldii ’Widjaya’

Dendrobium discolor forma coerulea ’Widjaya’

Dendrobium discolor forma coerulea ’Shinta’AM/INOS

Contoh pertama, kata pertama dimulai dengan huruf besar, huruf italic, adalah nama genus. Kata kedua adalah nama kelompok species, ditulis dengan huruf kecil dan italic. Bila disingkat, Den. Discolor. Den. adalah singkatan untuk Dendrobium yang telah disepakati secara Internasional. D. adalah singkatan untuk Disa.

Contoh kedua,

Pada contoh kedua, var adalah singkatan untuk varietas, broomfieldii adalah nama varietas (ada dialam dalam jumlah yang signifikan untuk dianggap merupakan variasi dari species typicalnya, namun belum cukup untuk dianggap sebagai species berbeda).

Contoh ketiga, sama, kecuali ”Widjaya’ menunjukkan nama culticar (Cultivated Variety), ditulis diantara 2 koma diatas, dengan huruf tegak. Cultivar ini membedakan tanaman dengan tanaman yang lain.

Contoh ke empat,

Forma menunjukkan bahwa tanaman yang satu ini mempunyai bentuk warna yang berbeda dengan typicalnya, dan nama cultivar membedakan dengan tanaman yang lainnya.

Contoh kelima, tanaman ini punya bentuk warna berbeda, dan mempunyai sifat lain yang berbeda dengan tanaman keempat. AM/INOS menunjukkan bahwa dalam suatu penilaian, tanaman ini mendapatkan nilai lebih dari 80 point, dan mendapat gelar Award of Merit dari INOS.

Contoh penamaan hybrid.

Saya menyilang Den. lineale ’Bimasatu’ dengan Den. calophyllum ’Bobo’. Hasil silangannya akan saya beri nama dan didaftar di RHS. Nama yang diusulkan adalah Gayatri.....Penulisan nama yang tepat adalah. Den. Gayatri untuk semua hasil silangan antara kedua Dendrobium diatas, salah satu diikutkan Award Judging, untuk membedakan dengan lainnya saya beri nama ’Claire’ dan kebetulan mendapat Highly Commended Certificate. Penulisan yang benar adalah. Den. Gayatri ’Claire’ HCC/INOS. Den. ditulis dengan huruf italic, karena merupakan Genus asli. Contoh lain. Pak Ayub menyilangkan Aeridachnis Bogor dengan Phalaenopsis amabilis. Aeridachnis adalah genus buatan silangan antara Aerides dan Arachnis, maka ditulis dengan huruf tegak. Bogor adalah nama yang diberikan oleh penyilangnya. Silangan antar marga ini diberi nama Parnata + ara. Ara menunjukkan nama marga atau genus buatan manusia. Nama silangan nya adalah Kupu Kupu. Penulisan nama yang tepat adalah: Parn. Kupu Kupu. Parn adalah singkatan resmi untuk Parnataara.

Oleh : Widjaya Trisulo

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